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Australia History Trivia Questions

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Edmund Barton - From 1901 to 1903Who was the first Prime Minister of Australia?

James Cook - James mapped many lands including New Zealand and Hawaii.Who claimed the east coast of Australia for Britain in 1770?

Willem Janszoon - Willem served as governor in the Netherlands East Indies for several periods.This Dutch navigator is credited with the first legitimate European landing in Australia in 1606. Name him.

Convicts - A British penal colony was set up at Port Jackson.From 1788 to 1868 approximately 161,000 people were transported from England to the Australian colonies of New South Wales, Van Diemen's land and Western Australia. Who were they?

Captain Arthur Phillip - Arthur Phillip was the first Governor of New South Wales.The British colony of New South Wales was established in 1788 with the arrival of the First Fleet. Who commanded the fleet?

George Bass and Matthew Flinders - In 1801-02, Matthew Flinders lead the first circumnavigation of Australia.In 1798, who set out from Sydney in a boat and circled Tasmania, proving it was an island?

1851 - Edward claimed he discovered gold near Bathurst, New South Wales.Prospector Edward Hargraves' gold discovery started the first gold rush in Australia in what year?

Bushranger - He had numerous ballads written about him during the early 1800s.Jack Donahue is well-known for being an Australian?

January 1, 1901 - The first Federal elections in Australia were held in March of 1901.The Commonwealth of Australia took shape when the Federal Constitution was proclaimed by Lord Hopetoun on what date?

Andrew Fisher - Andrew served as the fifth Prime Minister of Australia.Who was Australia's Prime Minister at the outbreak of World War I?

Stanley Bruce - Stanley Bruce was the eighth Prime Minister of Australia.Who became Prime Minister when members of the Nationalist Party Government voted to remove W.M. Hughes in 1923?

Edith Cowan - In 1921.Who was the first woman elected to Australian Parliament?

Westminster - Australia did not confirm the Statute of Westminster until 1942.Independent Sovereign Nation status was achieved by Australia after World War I, under the Statute of?

1930s - Recovery began as early as 1932.Australia suffered from a great depression in what decade?

Japanese Midget Submarines - Two Japanese submarines briefly shelled Sydney's eastern suburbs in June of the same year.In May of 1942, what sank an accommodation vessel in Sydney Harbour?

Robert Menzies - In office from 19 December 1949 to 26 January 1966.Who was Australia's longest-serving Prime Minister?

Bombing of Darwin - It was the first and the largest single attack mounted by a foreign power against Australia.What Australian historic event is often called the "Pearl Harbor of Australia"?

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